Winterization removes unwanted materials, such as fats and waxes, from cannabis extracts. This process involves dissolving the extract in a solvent, such as ethanol, and then freezing it. The unwanted materials will then precipitate out of the solution, leaving behind a cleaner extract.
Filtration is used to remove impurities and particulate matter from cannabis extracts. This process involves passing the extract through a filter, which can be made of various materials such as activated charcoal or silica.
Solvent recovery is the process of removing solvents used in the extraction process, such as ethanol, so that they can be reused. This is typically done through a distillation process, where the solvent is heated and evaporated, and then condensed back into a liquid form.
Decarboxylation activates the psychoactive compounds in cannabis, such as THC. This process involves heating the cannabis at a specific temperature for a certain amount of time, which causes a chemical reaction that converts non-psychoactive compounds, such as THCA, into psychoactive compounds.
Distillation is used to separate and purify different components of a cannabis extract, such as THC and CBD. This process involves heating the extract to its boiling point, and then collecting and condensing the vapors produced.
Isolation separates specific compounds from cannabis extracts, such as THC or CBD in its purest form. This process can involve various techniques, such as chromatography, which separates different compounds based on their physical and chemical properties.
Remediation is used to remove contaminants from cannabis extracts, such as pesticides or heavy metals to make the cannabis products safe for consumption.
Formulation allows creating specific cannabis products, such as edibles or topicals, by combining different cannabis extracts with other ingredients. This process involves determining the desired potency and effect of the final product, and then creating a formulation that achieves those goals.